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A Clean, Well-Lighted Place

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❶Critics have noted a series of contrasts in the story:

How to Write Literary Analysis

by Ernest Hemingway
A Hopeless Barrenness of a Life in

He was a reporter for the Kansas City Star. The Star was the first to introduce to him the news writing format which demands brief, to the point sentences and the smooth flowing of ideas.

It seems that Hemingway adapted this style to his fiction writng. When he was 19 Hemingway enlisted in the army. He was rejected due to a defective left eye. He then turned to the Red Cross in which he became a second lieutenant. The Red Cross brought him to the front lines of the war in Italy. It was here where he saw many disturbing sights which probably had a hand in shaping his character.

After extensive injuries from the war, Hemingway returned unhappily to Oak Park. The impression left on him by his participation in the war had greatly changed him. He began living at home again but refused to get a job, even when his mother ordered him to. Soon she kicked him out and he moved to Chicago. Here he made a living writing for the Toronto Star and working as a sparring partner for boxers. While he was in Chicago he met his first wife, the young and innocent Elizabeth Hadley Richardson.

Soon the young couple were married and they moved to Paris. It was here where Hemingway encountered many of the greats, F. It was Stein who took him under her wing. She was first to point him in the direction of the simple declarative sentence, which was another great influence on his style. Bull fighting seemed to trigger a whole new interest in Spain. There is an old deaf man who sits alone on a patio, sipping brandy.

Together two waiters observe the old man who is their last customer. The old man is comforted by the peaceful atmosphere of the cafe but the younger waiter wants him to leave.

Hemingway may have seen himself as the older waiter, he was about thirty-five years old when this story was written. In the story the older waiter comes from the stand-point that he is getting old and he does not really have anything to show for life, no friends, not very much money, and no real love.

At this point in his life, Hemingway may have seen himself here. This is a good summary phrase for this story. I feel that Hemingway might have been feeling lonely and unfulfilled when he wrote this story. This could explain the discrepancy and allow the dialogue to be logical and idiosyncratic. A few years later, commentators began to challenge Reinert's theory. Joseph Gabriel contended that the dialogue was metronomic and that the resulting confusion was viewed as an integral aspect of the story.

John Hagopian rejected these theories, maintaining that the confusion stemmed from a typographical error and urged a revision of the story.

Many scholars furnished additional examples of anti-metronomic dialogue in Hemingway's short fiction and novels, discovering further evidence for Reinert's theory in the author's correspondence with friends and publishers, as well as the original manuscript of the story. A Journal of Interpretation, Vol. The Hemingway stories and novels are dominated by heroes who conduct a retreating battle with nature and the world's hostility.

But they fight against their loss with pleasure, skill, and courage. The world of nature and humanity robs health, hope, and love, leaving in the end only nada, nothingness. The intrinsic value of the story has been well recognized by Mark Schorer, who has said of it: Hemingway, or someone, has been careless enough about this story so that at one time one main speaker seems to have information about the old man's suicide attempt which the other one does not have, and at another time the situation is reversed.

If the young waiter has the In the February College English Mr. Indeed, two critics, F. Gabriel left it in College English May, Gabriel was responding to three Critical Essays, edited by Jackson J. Benson, Duke University Press, , pp. Scholars and critics lately have put to good use the companion pieces among Ernest Hemingway's short fiction.

What most modern writers have Ever since the appearance of the first articles by F. Kroeger and William E. Numerous attempts have been made 2 to explain The known manuscripts of Ernest Hemingway are in the possession of Mrs. Mary Hemingway, who on several occasions An old man is drinking, watched by two waiters who are not differentiated. In Dialogue 1, comprising seven speeches, there is no way of knowing who begins the exchange, hence no way of knowing which waiter refers to the old man's attempted suicide and which asks questions about it.

The relationship between Wallace Stevens and Ernest Hemingway is best remembered for the one-sided fist fight between the two in February of


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This most likely resulted in his heavy drinking, and the "clean, well-lighted" bars that he went to would give him comfort. Many writers use different ways of approaching place as a theme. Some writers use the place with the character's personalities, or some use the place as a higher power.

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[In the following essay, MacDonald concurs with Charles Mays's interpretation of the dialogue in “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place,” contending that Hemingway ignored normal dialogue conventions in several other fictional works.

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Ernest Hemingway's "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" reflects the contrasts of youth and age. The characterizations and the symbolism illustrate that is not uncommon to become lonely and feel isolated with age. This is exemplified by the contrasts revealed between the two older men and the younger waiter. A Clean, Well-lighted Place Essay Words | 5 Pages. The main character in "A Clean, Well- Lighted Place," written by Ernest Hemingway, is the old man. The old man, who remains nameless throughout the short story, comes to the café for the light it provides him against the dark night.

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- Reader Response to A Clean, Well-Lighted Place In , Ernest Hemmingway wrote A Clean, Well-Lighted Place. It's a story of two waiters working late one night in a cafe. Their last customer, a lonely old man getting drunk, is their last customer. The Literary Essay: A Step-by-Step Guide. When you read for pleasure, your only goal is enjoyment. You might find yourself reading to get caught up in an exciting story, to learn about an interesting time or place, or just to pass time. Maybe you’re looking for inspiration, guidance, or a reflection of your own life.