Any information, including images, statistics, data, ideas, quotes or paraphrases, that you use from another source must be cited within the text of your paper. Place the in-text citation within the text of your paper after the information that the citation refers to.
In most cases the citation will go at the end of the sentence, but in some cases where you are discussing a concept in more than one sentence, you will put the citation after a set of sentences that are all discussing the same idea or concept. Additionally, sometimes you will have more than one idea within a sentence, and each idea will come from a separate source.
When this is the case, you will have multiple in-text citations within the sentence. Review the guidelines of the particular type of writing style that you have been requested to use in writing your paper to determine the proper format for your in-text citations. An example of an APA in-text citation would look like this: Jones and Jones discovered the principle of excitation. Alternatively, it may look like this: Ensure that each in-text citation matches up with a full citation placed in your reference list, which may be termed a bibliography or works cited list.
This allows a reader to look at a citation within the text of your paper and then refer to the reference list to find the full details of the citation so that she can investigate the topic further on her own. Blair has been professionally writing since She is currently a post-doctoral fellow and research consultant. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. It is important to know how to properly cite sources in a research paper.
Step 1 Use an in-text citation whenever you are discussing an idea that is not your own. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited , an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin. This format is sometimes called hanging indention , and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs. Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list.
Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table , given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.
Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals. Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig.
If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Use a high-quality printer. Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it.
If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages. Be sure to save the changed file.
Spelling checkers and usage checkers are helpful when used with caution. They do not find all errors and sometimes label correct material as erroneous. Do not use the margins or write a change below the line it affects. If corrections on any page are numerous or substantial, revise your document and reprint the page. Pages of a printed research paper may get misplaced or lost if they are left unattached or merely folded down at a corner. Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored.
Others prefer the use of staples. There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers. If you are asked to submit your paper electronically, obtain from your teacher guidelines for formatting, mode of submission e. Designed to be printed out and used in the classroom.
From the MLA Handbook , 8th ed.
APA Research Paper Format. APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages.
We provide custom research papers written to provide you the research paper help that you need. How to cite APA research paper The APA or the American Psychological Association developed a referencing style called the APA style.
This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. MLA Style. These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style. References: When providing references in research paper you must inform the readers about the sources you used to cite this information. The reference page is known as the "Works Cited". The reference page is known as the "Works Cited".
Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. How to Cite a Report in MLA 7 Report – A document containing the findings of an individual or group. Can include a technical paper, publication, issue brief, or working paper.